When 5G network has only started to bloom in the past few years, the 6G network race has begun. In which, Samsung and Huawei continue to be the two technology companies that are opening the 6G network trend.

These are also the two companies contributing to making Korea and China become the two leading global names in the deployment and supply of 6G networks in the future. Japan, meanwhile, is only aiming to catch up with its rivals, while the United States has little hope of winning the lead with rivals from South Korea and China.

According to the Nikkei daily, the standardization of 6G networks is expected to begin in 2023. The development of 6G network-enabled devices will continue to be carried out until commercial availability. commercialization by 2027. South Korea and China are expected to be the two leading countries in manufacturing smartphones, base stations and electronic components supporting 6G networks.

The Korean government is trying to realize that ambitious goal through the research centers of Samsung and LG. In addition, Seoul is also considering projects to develop 6G networks worth up to 800 million USD.

Beijing, meanwhile, soon revealed its 6G network research and development program in November 2019. It should be noted that Huawei is also a member of China's 6G network research and development initiative.

Base stations are expected to undergo a transition in terms of quality and quantity, thereby supporting data rates up to 1 Terabit per second or 10 times faster than 5G networks.

However, in range, the transmission distance of 6G base stations will only fall to about 200 meters or less. Tetsuya Kawanishi, a professor at Waseda University in Tokyo, said we would need to build 10 times more base stations than the population to ensure high-speed data transmission.

Kawanishi, for example, has about 600,000 base stations in Japan. And if Japan wants to build a 6G network, it will need 1 billion base stations across the country and about 100 billion globally.

Currently the base stations are quite large in size, almost like a refrigerator. But 6G networks use shorter wavelengths and therefore only need smaller antennas. So 6G network base stations can be as small as a portable handset. Even lighting equipment, signs and buses can become a base station.

Base stations act as a server and handle high-speed data. Now 6G data transmission can spread to both remote areas. According to IHS Markit, the three companies controlling 80% of the base station market are Huawei, Ericsson and Nokia.
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US and Japan want to squeeze into the 6G network market, but is it easy?

President Donald Trump wants the United States to take the lead in 6G technology thanks to its leading role in the chip market. The country wants to take advantage of high-speed data processing from giant servers, chip development companies like Qualcomm and Intel. But so far, the United States is still one of the countries that is behind its rivals from Asia in terms of speed of 5G network deployment.

Meanwhile, Japan has outlined its 6G network development strategy. The Japanese Ministry of Communications in April revealed an ambitious goal with its "Beyond 5G" strategy to seek to capture 30% of the base station market share and 5G network infrastructure globally, up sharply from the current 2%.

Tokyo expects its technology companies to hold 10% of patents related to next-generation network technology. According to data from the Cyber Creative Institute, Samsung is leading the 5G race with 8.9% of patents, Huawei is second with 8.3%, Qualcomm is 7.4% and NTT Docomo has only 5.5%.

Japanese telecommunication operators are now focusing heavily on network infrastructure. In addition to researching and manufacturing satellites, Docomo aims to install base stations in many rugged terrain locations. But the problem for these companies is that they can only serve the domestic market but not enough to reach out to the world.

A senior executive of a Japanese telecom firm also expressed doubts about Japan's ambitious strategy in the current 5G network race and the future 6G.
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